Subtract from both sides of the equation.

Take the inverse cosine of both sides of the equation to extract from inside the cosine.

The exact value of is .

The cosine function is negative in the second and third quadrants. To find the second solution, subtract the reference angle from to find the solution in the third quadrant.

Subtract from .

The period of the function can be calculated using .

Replace with in the formula for period.

Solve the equation.

The absolute value is the distance between a number and zero. The distance between and is .

Divide by .

The period of the function is so values will repeat every radians in both directions.

, for any integer

Solve for ? cos(x)+1=0